Environmental awareness and sustainability has become a controversial issue in the last few years. This is mainly due to the direct effect human use of chemicals, overfishing, farming, deforestation, exploiting animal populations and pollution has had on our environment. A broad definition of environmental sustainability is a state in which demands placed upon the environment can be met without jeopardising the allowance of people to live well, now and in the future.
The need to spread awareness of environmental sustainability is enormous and has become in its own right “a movement”. Without the resources that support life on earth, life would not exist.
The initial origin of the environmental movement lay in response to the increasing smoke levels during the Industrial Revolution. With the introduction of large factories and the supply and demand greatly increasing, it allowed for an extremely high level of air pollution. Britain was aware of this sudden increase and thus passed the first environmental law in 1863 to reduce air pollution levels and introduce more control into the factories themselves.
The 19th Century saw the introduction of the first Wildlife Conservation laws. Where Alfred
Newton published numerous investigations into the hunting of animals and thus the first nature protection law was established in 1869.
In 1952, London experienced what is named the “Great Smog”, whereby London was engulfed with smoke, ash, soot and severe air pollution, whereby London came to a standstill and caused upwards of 6000 deaths. This then instigated the Clean Air Act, which was legalized in 1956.
This act caused the rethinking of environmentalism and how one should approach such things as being environmentally aware.